Containers and Vessels
Ceramic | Terracotta | Fired Clay
Secretaría de Cultura de la Presidencia
Import restricted since 1987 for the Cara Sucia region and since 1995 for all of El Salvador.
Section 3a of Designated List in force since 1995.
Campana Polychrome Vessels: Flat bottomed bowls with flaring walls, usually large. Provided with 4 hollow supports that may take the form of pinched cylinders or cylinders with human or animal effigies. Intricate painted designs were executed in blackbrown, dull red, and orange, on a cream to cream-orange base. A large portrayal of a human or animal is featured on the interior center of these vessels, and the rims often have a distinctive encircling twisted rope and dot design. Some examples have a few curving lines of broad (up to 0.5’’ or 1.3 cm) Usulután negative decoration. Campana Polychrome paste is dense, hard, and brick red. Other forms include small bowls without supports, with flat bottoms and flaring walls, and cylindrical vases with bulging and sometimes faceted midsections and occasionally short ring bases. The cylindrical vases usually feature panels on opposing side of the vessel with human or animal designs, and may have very short and wide tabular supports.
Dating: Late Classic Period. Present in association with the Payu Ceramic Complex (Sharer 1978), the Lepa Phase (Andrews 1976), and the Tamasha Phase (Amaroli 1987).
Size: The large bowls with supports range from 10–20’’ (25–50 cm) in diameter. The small bowls without supports are usually 6–9’’ (16–22 cm) in diameter. Cylindrical vases range in height from 7–10’’ (18–25 cm).
Formal Names: Termed as the Campana Polychrome Ceramic Group (Sharer 1978).
Example shown: Maya Campana polychrome tripod dish, Late Classic period.
For import restrictions in force from 1987, see History of Import Restrictions below.